In the past few years, the FHA 203(K) loan program has gained renewed prominence due to the increase in the number of properties that need rehabilitation and renovation funds. The rise in the number of borrowers defaulting on their residential home loans caused a huge spike in the number of such properties ending up at foreclosure auctions and eventually becoming part of the Bank Owned (REO) inventory, if unsold at auctions. These foreclosed properties more often than not require certain repairs to bring the property to habitable condition. The home buyers who wish to purchase such REO homes due to their reasonable price and value have increasingly come to rely on the FHA insured 203(K) loan as traditional, conventional mortgage loans don’t finance properties with any deficiencies or in need of substantial rehabilitation and repairs. The other alternative is to seek private hard money loans that carry high interest rates and restrictive loan terms. All these factors explain the increased demand from home buyers and home owners opting for FHA 203K loans.
HUD (Housing and Urban Development) is a government agency which houses the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). FHA’s primary objective is to expand homeownership opportunities for low income families. A number of home loan/mortgage insurance programs are administered by FHA to achieve this primary objective. It doesn’t directly lend funds or involves in the mortgage lending process. The entire lending process even including 203(K) loans is handled by approved FHA lenders. They follow the FHA mandated guidelines and make the loans accordingly. FHA insures these loans, which guarantees the loan amount the lender made to the borrower who fits the department’s guidelines. In a case of default, the lender claims the insurance and gets the insured amount.
The 203(K) loan program is a niche program compared to other FHA loan programs. This loan’s primary aim is to encourage lenders to make rehabilitation and renovation loans on residential properties. This loan can be viewed as an home improvement loan that has more flexible and inclusive lending and underwriting criteria. This FHA 203(K) rehab loans aid in improving home ownership and also in the revitalization of neighborhoods and communities, which are very much aligned with department’s primary objectives. In the recent years, keeping pace with the demand, FHA has been actively supporting the approved lenders that make loans through the 203K program.
Seizing the initiative, mortgage loan lenders have been actively and successful designing loans under the FHA 203k program. In addition to working with local community developmental agencies and non-profit institutions FHA approved lenders have established enduring partnerships with state and local housing agencies to promote the use of 203(K) loan to reinvigorate neighborhoods that had low quality and abandoned housing. Creative programs and initiatives have also been taken up while combing the 203k with additional HUD programs such as HOME, HOPE and Community Development Block Grants. By streamlining the often complex underwriting and processing, 203k lenders are encouraging many state housing agencies to design and actively promote these loans.
By actively lending through FHA 203k, mortgage lenders have been also able to demonstrate their enduring commitment to lend to lower income borrowers in neglected communities while simultaneously fulfilling their responsibilities under the provisions of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA).